Symbol key and abbreviations list

Basic symbolsIncreasesDecreasesClustersLeft cable crossesRight cable crossesMiscellaneous

Basic symbols

  • kKnit on RS, purl on WS
  • pPurl on RS, knit on WS
  • k1 tblK1 tbl on RS, p1 tbl on WS
  • p1 tblP1 tbl on RS, k1 tbl on WS
  • kK1 wrapping yarn twice on RS, p1 wrapping yarn twice on WS; drop extra wrap on next row
  • pK1 wrapping yarn 3 times on RS, p1 wrapping yarn 3 times on WS; drop extra wraps on next row
  • kP1 wrapping yarn twice on RS, k1 wrapping yarn twice on WS; drop extra wrap on next row
  • pP1 wrapping yarn 3 times on RS, k1 wrapping yarn 3 times on WS; drop extra wraps on next row
  • sl1 wyibSl1 wyib on RS, sl1 wyif on WS
  • sl1 wyifSl1 wyif on RS, sl1 wyib on WS
  • k = Knit.
  • p = Purl.
  • RS = Right side.
  • sl = Slip.
  • tbl = Through back loop.
  • WS = Wrong side.
  • wyib = With yarn in back.
  • wyif = With yarn in front.

Increases

  • yoYo on RS and on WS
  • yoYo wrapping yarn twice on RS and on WS; drop extra wrap on next row
  • yoYo wrapping yarn 3 times on RS and on WS; drop extra wraps on next row
  • M1LM1L on RS, M1Lp on WS
  • M1RM1R on RS, M1Rp on WS
  • M1L on WSM1Lp on RS, M1L on WS
  • M1R on WSM1Rp on RS, M1R on WS
  • incLincL on RS, incRp on WS
  • incRincR on RS, incLp on WS
  • incLpincLp on RS, incR on WS
  • incRpincRp on RS, incL on WS
  • kfbKfb on RS, pfb on WS
  • pfbPfb on RS, kfb on WS
  • (k1, p1) in next st(K1, p1) in next st on RS and on WS
  • (p1, k1) in next st(P1, k1) in next st on RS and on WS
  • ctr dbl incCtr dbl inc on RS
  • (k1, p1, k1) in next st(K1, p1, k1) in next st on RS, (p1, k1, p1) in next st on WS
  • (p1, k1, p1) in next st(P1, k1, p1) in next st on RS, (k1, p1, k1) in next st on WS
  • (k1, yo, k1) in next st(K1, yo, k1) in next st on RS, (p1, yo, p1) in next st on WS
  • (p1, yo, p1) in next st(P1, yo, p1) in next st on RS, (k1, yo, k1) in next st on WS
  • 1-to-4 inc1-to-4 inc on RS
  • 1-to-5 inc1-to-5 inc on RS
  • 1-to-6 inc1-to-6 inc on RS
  • 1-to-7 inc1-to-7 inc on RS
  • 1-to-8 inc1-to-8 inc on RS
  • 1-to-9 inc1-to-9 inc on RS
  • 1-to-4 inc on WS1-to-4 inc on WS
  • 1-to-5 inc on WS1-to-5 inc on WS
  • 1-to-6 inc on WS1-to-6 inc on WS
  • 1-to-7 inc on WS1-to-7 inc on WS
  • 1-to-8 inc on WS1-to-8 inc on WS
  • 1-to-9 inc on WS1-to-9 inc on WS
  • COCO 1 st
  • 1-to-4 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 4: (K1, p1, k1, p1) in next st.
  • 1-to-5 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 5: (K1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next st.
  • 1-to-6 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 6: (K1, p1, k1, p1, k1, p1) in next st.
  • 1-to-7 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 7: (K1, yo, k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next st.
  • 1-to-8 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 8: (K1, p1, k1, p1, k1, p1, k1, p1) in next st.
  • 1-to-9 inc = Increase from 1 stitch to 9: (K1, yo, k1, yo, k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next st.
  • CO = Cast on.
  • ctr dbl inc = Center double increase: (K1 through back loop, k1) in next st, insert left needle from left to right under vertical strand between stitches just made, knit this strand through back loop.
  • incL = Lifted increase to left: Insert left needle from front to back under the left leg of the stitch two rows below the first stitch on the right needle, lifting this loop onto the left needle, then knit into this loop.
  • incLp = Purled lifted increase to left: Insert left needle from front to back under the left leg of the stitch two rows below the first stitch on the right needle, lifting this loop onto the left needle, then purl into this loop.
  • incR = Lifted increase to right: Knit into the top of the stitch below the first stitch on the left needle, leaving the first stitch on the left needle.
  • incRp = Purled lifted increase to right: Purl into the top of the stitch below the first stitch on the left needle, leaving the first stitch on the left needle.
  • k = Knit.
  • kfb = Knit into front and back of next stitch.
  • M1L = Make 1 left: Insert left needle from front to back under strand between needles, and knit into the back of this loop.
  • M1Lp = Make 1 left purlwise: Insert left needle from front to back under strand between needles, and purl into the back of this loop.
  • M1R = Make 1 right: Insert left needle from back to front under strand between needles, and knit into the front of this loop.
  • M1Rp = Make 1 right purlwise: Insert left needle from back to front under strand between needles, and purl into the front of this loop.
  • p = Purl.
  • pfb = Purl into front and back of next stitch.
  • RS = Right side.
  • st = Stitch.
  • WS = Wrong side.
  • yo = Yarn over.

Decreases

  • k2togK2tog on RS, p2tog on WS
  • k3togK3tog on RS, p3tog on WS
  • sskSsk on RS, ssp on WS
  • sl1-k2tog-pssoSl1-k2tog-psso on RS, sssp on WS
  • sl2-k1-p2ssoSl2-k1-p2sso on RS, cddp on WS
  • p2togP2tog on RS, k2tog on WS
  • p3togP3tog on RS, k3tog on WS
  • sspSsp on RS, ssk on WS
  • ssspSssp on RS, sl1-k2tog-psso on WS
  • cddpCddp on RS, sl2-k1-p2sso on WS
  • k4togK4tog on RS, p4tog on WS
  • k5togK5tog on RS, p5tog on WS
  • k6togK6tog on RS, p6tog on WS
  • k7togK7tog on RS, p7tog on WS
  • k8togK8tog on RS, p8tog on WS
  • k9togK9tog on RS, p9tog on WS
  • p4togP4tog on RS, k4tog on WS
  • p5togP5tog on RS, k5tog on WS
  • p6togP6tog on RS, k6tog on WS
  • p7togP7tog on RS, k7tog on WS
  • p8togP8tog on RS, k8tog on WS
  • p9togP9tog on RS, k9tog on WS
  • k2tog-tblK2tog tbl on RS, p2tog tbl on WS
  • k3tog-tblK3tog tbl on RS, p3tog tbl on WS
  • p2tog-tblP2tog tbl on RS, k2tog tbl on WS
  • p3tog-tblP3tog tbl on RS, k3tog tbl on WS
  • BOBO 1 st
  • post-BO stIndicates stitch remaining on right needle after completing a bind-off
  • BO = Bind off.
  • cddp = Centered double decrease, purled: [Slip 1 knitwise] twice. Slip these 2 sts back to left needle, then insert right needle from left to right into their back loops and slip together to right needle. P1, and pass the 2 slipped sts over.
  • k2tog = Knit 2 together.
  • k3tog = Knit 3 together.
  • k4tog = Knit 4 together.
  • k5tog = Knit 5 together.
  • k6tog = Knit 6 together.
  • k7tog = Knit 7 together.
  • k8tog = Knit 8 together.
  • k9tog = Knit 9 together.
  • p2tog = Purl 2 together.
  • p3tog = Purl 3 together.
  • p4tog = Purl 4 together.
  • p5tog = Purl 5 together.
  • p6tog = Purl 6 together.
  • p7tog = Purl 7 together.
  • p8tog = Purl 8 together.
  • p9tog = Purl 9 together.
  • RS = Right side.
  • sl1-k2tog-psso = Slip a stitch knitwise, k2tog, pass slipped stitch over k2tog.
  • sl2-k1-p2sso = Slip 2 stitches as if to k2tog, k1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch.
  • ssk = Slip, slip, knit: [Slip a stitch knitwise] twice. Insert left needle from left to right into fronts of both stitches, and knit together through back loops.
  • ssp = Slip, slip, purl: [Slip a stitch knitwise] twice. Slip both stitches back to left needle. Purl together through back loops by inserting right needle from left to right into backs of both stitches.
  • sssp = Slip, slip, slip, purl: [Slip a stitch knitwise] 3 times. Slip all three stitches back to left needle. Purl together through back loops by inserting right needle from left to right into backs of all three stitches.
  • tbl = Through back loop.
  • WS = Wrong side.

Clusters

  • sl1-k1-yo-pssoSl1-k1-yo-psso on RS
  • sl1-k1-yo-k1-pssoSl1-k1-yo-k1-psso on RS
  • p2so-yo-k1P2so-yo-k1 on RS
  • p3so-k1-yo-k1P3so-k1-yo-k1 on RS
  • yo-k2-pyoYo-k2-pyo on RS
  • yo-p2-pyoYo-p2-pyo on RS
  • sl1-k1-yo-psso on WSSl1-k1-yo-psso on WS
  • sl1-k1-yo-k1-psso on WSSl1-k1-yo-k1-psso on WS
  • p2so-yo-k1 on WSP2so-yo-k1 on WS
  • p3so-k1-yo-k1 on WSP3so-k1-yo-k1 on WS
  • yo-k2-pyo on WSYo-k2-pyo on WS
  • yo-p2-pyo on WSYo-p2-pyo on WS
  • k = Knit.
  • p = Purl.
  • p2so-yo-k1 = Pass second stitch on left needle over first stitch and off left needle. Yarn over, knit 1.
  • p3so-k1-yo-k1 = Pass third stitch on left needle over first two stitches and off left needle. Knit 1, yarn over, knit 1.
  • RS = Right side.
  • sl1-k1-yo-k1-psso = Slip a stitch purlwise. K1, yo, k1. Pass slipped stitch over k1, yo, k1.
  • sl1-k1-yo-psso = Slip a stitch purlwise. K1, yo. Pass slipped stitch over k1, yo.
  • WS = Wrong side.
  • yo = Yarn over.
  • yo-k2-pyo = Yarn over, knit 2, pass yo over k2.
  • yo-p2-pyo = Yarn over, purl 2, pass yo over p2.

Left cable crosses

  • 1/1 LC 1/1 LC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, k1, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p1, p1 from cn.
  • 1/1 LPC 1/1 LPC = On RS and WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p1, k1 from cn.
  • 1/1 LT 1/1 LT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, k1 tbl, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 1/1 LPT 1/1 LPT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p1, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, k1 from cn.
  • 1/1/1 LC 1/1/1 LC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k1, k1 from back cn, k1 from front cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, p1, p1 from cn.
  • 1/1/1 LPC 1/1/1 LPC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k1, p1 from back cn, k1 from front cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, k1, p1 from cn.
  • 1/1/1 LT 1/1/1 LT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, k1 tbl from back cn, k1 tbl from front cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, p1 tbl, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 1/1/1 LPT 1/1/1 LPT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, p1 from back cn, k1 tbl from front cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, k1, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 2/1 LC 2/1 LC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, k1, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p2, p1 from cn.
  • 2/1 LPC 2/1 LPC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p2, k1 from cn.
  • 2/1 LT 2/1 LT = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, k1 tbl, k2 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p2 tbl, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 2/1 LPT 2/1 LPT = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, k2 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p2 tbl, k1 from cn.
  • 2/2 LC 2/2 LC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, k2, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p2, p2 from cn.
  • 2/2 LPC 2/2 LPC = On RS and WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p2, k2 from cn.
  • 2/1/2 LC 2/1/2 LC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k2, k1 from back cn, k2 from front cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p2, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, p1, p2 from cn.
  • 2/1/2 LPC 2/1/2 LPC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, slip next st to second cn and hold in back, k2, p1 from back cn, k2 from front cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p2, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to back, k1, p2 from cn.
  • 3/1 LC 3/1 LC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, k1, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p3, p1 from cn.
  • 3/1 LPC 3/1 LPC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in front, p3, k1 from cn.
  • 3/2 LC 3/2 LC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, k2, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p3, p2 from cn.
  • 3/2 LPC 3/2 LPC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p2, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p3, k2 from cn.
  • 3/3 LC 3/3 LC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, k3, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p3, p3 from cn.
  • 3/3 LPC 3/3 LPC = On RS and WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, p3, k3 from cn.
  • 4/4 LC 4/4 LC = On RS: Slip 4 sts to cn and hold in front, k4, k4 from cn. On WS: Slip 4 sts to cn and hold in front, p4, p4 from cn.
  • 5/5 LC 5/5 LC = On RS: Slip 5 sts to cn and hold in front, k5, k5 from cn. On WS: Slip 5 sts to cn and hold in front, p5, p5 from cn.
  • cn = Cable needle.
  • k = Knit.
  • p = Purl.
  • RS = Right side.
  • st = Stitch.
  • sts = Stitches.
  • tbl = Through back loop.
  • WS = Wrong side.

Right cable crosses

  • 1/1 RC 1/1 RC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k1, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, p1, p1 from cn.
  • 1/1 RPC 1/1 RPC = On RS and WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k1, p1 from cn.
  • 1/1 RT 1/1 RT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, p1 tbl, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 1/1 RPT 1/1 RPT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, p1 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k1, p1 tbl from cn.
  • 1/1/1 RC 1/1/1 RC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, k1, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p1, p1 from front cn, p1 from back cn.
  • 1/1/1 RPC 1/1/1 RPC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, p1, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p1, k1 from front cn, p1 from back cn.
  • 1/1/1 RT 1/1/1 RT = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, k1 tbl, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, p1 tbl from front cn, p1 tbl from back cn.
  • 1/1/1 RPT 1/1/1 RPT = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1 tbl, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, p1, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p1 tbl, k1 from front cn, p1 tbl from back cn.
  • 2/1 RC 2/1 RC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, p1, p2 from cn.
  • 2/1 RPC 2/1 RPC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, p1 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1, p2 from cn.
  • 2/1 RT 2/1 RT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2 tbl, k1 tbl from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, p1 tbl, p2 tbl from cn.
  • 2/1 RPT 2/1 RPT = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2 tbl, p1 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k1, p2 tbl from cn.
  • 2/2 RC 2/2 RC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, p2, p2 from cn.
  • 2/2 RPC 2/2 RPC = On RS and WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, p2 from cn.
  • 2/1/2 RC 2/1/2 RC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, k1, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p2, p1 from front cn, p2 from back cn.
  • 2/1/2 RPC 2/1/2 RPC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, slip 1 st from cn to left needle and move cn to front, p1, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, slip next st to second cn and hold in front, p2, k1 from front cn, p2 from back cn.
  • 3/1 RC 3/1 RC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k3, k1 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, p1, p3 from cn.
  • 3/1 RPC 3/1 RPC = On RS: Slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k3, p1 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k1, p3 from cn.
  • 3/2 RC 3/2 RC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k3, k2 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, p2, p3 from cn.
  • 3/2 RPC 3/2 RPC = On RS: Slip 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k3, p2 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, p3 from cn.
  • 3/3 RC 3/3 RC = On RS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k3, k3 from cn. On WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, p3, p3 from cn.
  • 3/3 RPC 3/3 RPC = On RS and WS: Slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k3, p3 from cn.
  • 4/4 RC 4/4 RC = On RS: Slip 4 sts to cn and hold in back, k4, k4 from cn. On WS: Slip 4 sts to cn and hold in back, p4, p4 from cn.
  • 5/5 RC 5/5 RC = On RS: Slip 5 sts to cn and hold in back, k5, k5 from cn. On WS: Slip 5 sts to cn and hold in back, p5, p5 from cn.
  • cn = Cable needle.
  • k = Knit.
  • p = Purl.
  • RS = Right side.
  • st = Stitch.
  • sts = Stitches.
  • tbl = Through back loop.
  • WS = Wrong side.

Miscellaneous

  • MKMK
  • MBMB
  • drop stDrop st
  • dip stDip st
  • cddp = Centered double decrease, purled: [Slip 1 knitwise] twice. Slip these 2 sts back to left needle, then insert right needle from left to right into their back loops and slip together to right needle. P1, and pass the 2 slipped sts over.
  • dip st = Insert right needle under strand of yarn floating on RS of fabric, created by slipping sts on a prior row. K1 on RS or p1 on WS, bringing new st through old st and under floating strand.
  • drop st = Drop next st off left needle and allow to unravel.
  • k = Knit.
  • k2tog = Knit 2 together.
  • MB = Make bobble: On RS, (k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next st, turn; p5, turn; k2tog, k1, ssk, turn; p3, turn; sl2-k1-p2sso. On WS, (p1, yo, p1, yo, p1) in next st, turn; k5, turn; ssp, p1, p2tog, turn; k3, turn; cddp.
  • MK = Make knot: On RS, (k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next st; pass 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th sts over first st and off right needle. On WS, (p1, yo, p1, yo, p1) in next st; pass 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th sts over first st and off right needle.
  • p = Purl.
  • p2tog = Purl 2 together.
  • RS = Right side.
  • sl2-k1-p2sso = Slip 2 stitches as if to k2tog, k1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch.
  • ssk = Slip, slip, knit: [Slip a stitch knitwise] twice. Insert left needle from left to right into fronts of both stitches, and knit together through back loops.
  • ssp = Slip, slip, purl: [Slip a stitch knitwise] twice. Slip both stitches back to left needle. Purl together through back loops by inserting right needle from left to right into backs of both stitches.
  • st = Stitch.
  • sts = Stitches.
  • WS = Wrong side.
  • yo = Yarn over.

Translations

If you would like to provide a translation of the symbol key and abbreviations list for another language, or feedback on an existing translation, please contact us.

Note

This key explains how to work the symbols displayed in stitch maps. You can, of course, choose to work any symbol in an alternate manner, to suit your knitting style or your personal preferences. For example:

  • You can increase from 1 stitch to 5 by working (k1, p1, k1, p1, k1) in next st rather than (k1, yo, k1, yo, k1).
  • You can work a left-leaning single decrease as an skp rather than an ssk.
  • You can work your cable crosses without a cable needle.